What is adipose tissue and why does abdominal fat form to identify the actual causes relating to the formation of abdominal fat, it is necessary to understand what is meant by adipose tissue, the absolute protagonist of the disease in question.
This is the deposit of triglycerides, and is formed by the set of multiple cells, the so-called appositives, useful for the synthesis of the same triglycerides and their release in the form of glycerol plus fatty acids. It is the nutritional condition that establishes the orientation of the adipose towards a specific metabolic pathway.
The lipids that are stored in the adipose tissue, in fact, are largely exogenous since they are of food origin. But they can also be the result of chemical transformations of other substances such as glucose (endogenous). Under the skin, then, the appositives group together, forming a more or less thick layer, better known as the hypodermics or subcutaneous adipose tissue, this differs from the visceral one that surrounds the organs.
These fatty deposits are thicker in the buttocks, abdomen and hips, and thinner in the hands, forearm and feet. In women, they are concentrated mainly in the thighs, buttocks and below the navel: lipid stocks located in strategic areas to support pregnancy. In men, on the other hand, there is an android-type distribution (neck, face, shoulders and abdomen above the navel), a symptom of high blood sugar, triglycerides and blood pressure.
Specifically, among the most common causes of abdominal fat, we remember: energy imbalance, which occurs when the body accumulates more calories than it eliminates epidemically excessive consumption of fructose and meat the assimilation of estrogen and chemical compounds that alter the functioning of the endocrine system, through the diet smoking, especially during gestation.
The large amount of triglycerides and fatty acids produced by visceral fat cells, capable of promoting lipid accumulation in the liver hyperthyroidism, if affected, for example, by Cushion’s syndrome the prescription of drugs such as methadone and other steroids, even more so if already in the presence of high insulin levels the combination of low physical activity and high calorie diets alcohol consumption out of the ordinary.
Abdominal fat: health risks
The accumulation of abdominal fat can significantly compromise the internal and external well-being of the individual. First, it increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and insulin resistance. Abdominal obesity is also associated with metabolic syndrome, systemic inflammation, blood lipid disorders, poor glucose tolerance. In these cases, there is a high flow of free fatty acids to the liver, resulting in the development of fatty hepatic statuses.
Abdominal adipose, however, can also affect subjects with a lower body mass index (<30), slightly overweight, but with android distribution of fat. Not only. The concentration of abdominal fat can be a sign of lip hypertrophies, inherited diseases or diseases generated by secondary causes (medicines used against AIDS, protean inhibitors) Cushion’s disease polytheistic ovary syndrome.
In addition, knee osteoarthritis and joint problems are common in obese patients’ asthma, since the airways are narrower and find it difficult to filter the air Alzheimer’s, since according to some studies, the higher the visceral fat volumes, the lower those of the brain, with the possible risk of dementia.
Visceral fat: how to measure it
The first parameter to understand if your health is in the balance due to the accumulation of fat is the abdominal circumference. The distribution of subcutaneous fat, in fact, is inevitably connected to the increase in visceral fat, and is directly proportional to its external circumference between the rib cage and the navel.
It is customary to measure it standing up, with the abdominal muscles relaxed and stripped of clothes, by means of a simple inelastic metric tape, placed at the waist level horizontally and parallel to the floor. It is a practical and indirect method, more than reliable, to be combined, if necessary, with magnetic resonance.