How to know if a person is overweight or obese? The medical tool that provides an approximate answer is the index of body mass, which is obtained by an arithmetic operation that consists in dividing the number of kilograms of the individual between the numbers obtained by raising the figure of his stature to the square.
For example, if someone weighs 85 kilograms and his height is 1.70 m, 85 should be divided between 2.89, with what you get a BMI of 29.4.
Currently, specialists in the field resort to new method to assess the problems of overweight and obesity in the population, which reveals what proportion of body weight is fat and muscle.
This made it using a device similar to a scale, which is equipped with special sensors that measure accurately the above mentioned components.
But that is not all, they also take into account the size of the person and if being overweight or obese is because of poor eating habits or by internal problems; also draws up the patient’s clinical history and, in some cases, apply for lab tests. The registered information allows designing a weight reduction scheme in a personalized way and without putting at risk the health.
Undergo a program of weight control is not easy, since it requires willpower and be convinced that is the best to maintain good health, also must be constant and have patience, since changes in the silhouette are not reflected from one day to another. The first indication is to follow a balanced diet that contains 57% of carbohydrates, 25% fat, 15% protein and 3% fiber. Foods low in calories and fat, substitute sugar and some food supplements may be included.
Similarly, it is convenient to practice exercise, at least 30 minutes a day, since in this way Burns part of the calories accumulated in the form of fat. It is important that the routine to follow may be imposed by any instructor and that you do not try in the first sessions abuse, because doing so can injure joints, tearing muscles and cause great fatigue. The relevant is performed a medical examination that indicates the status of the Agency and, based on this, scheduling with coach proper routine.
On the other hand, it must not forget the psychotherapy, because recent studies have shown that this method is good support for those who have to lower their weight, since it allows them to control anxiety and compulsion towards food, adapt to the new diet, avoid to reject themselves and help you to accept that the loss of pounds is a process that requires time and discipline.