Diet and nutrition in people living with HIV / AIDS

Nutration HIV/AIDSNormally a person infected with HIV can prevent certain complications and diseases associated with AIDS by controlling the diet and proper treatment approach and meals and drinks.

Both food and water are carriers of germs, bacteria, disease-causing parasites, in the case of AIDS patients with a deficient immune system , can lead to serious complications, even lead to death. Proper preparation of meals and drinks and diet control are a powerful tool for prevention of diseases and infections associated with AIDS

Of AIDS-related illnesses , which are usually passed over by contaminated water and food are salmonella, listeria or arteriosclerosis. They all cause diarrhea, upset stomach, vomiting, stomach cramps, fever, headache, muscle aches, blood infections, meningitis and encephalitis.
Those diseases can affect anyone but are much more common and usually more difficult to treat in HIV-infected persons. What’s more, an AIDS patient has greater difficulty in fully recover once they have been affected by them.

Eating Tips for a affected by HIV / AIDS

How to cook meat, fish and dairy
An HIV-infected person can eat meat (both cattle and poultry) and fish. They can only cause problems if they are raw, undercooked or have spoiled. Therefore, to avoid being infected by a germ we recommend the following tips:

Cook meat until no pink middle portion. A good trick is to use a food thermometer if the temperature inside is higher than 165 ° F (78.8 °) should be ready. In the case of fish, the advice is that this begins to crumble.
Wash hands after handling raw meat or fish.
Wash with soap and water utensils, including knives and cutting boards, which have been relied on raw foods.
Avoid meat, seafood or juices touch other foods that release or touching each other.
In the case of milk and other dairy products are recommended to drink only pasteurized
How to cook eggs
A person with AIDS or affected by HIV can eat eggs if they are cooked through. Follow these tips:

Cook eggs until the yolk and white are solid appreciated
Reject foods made with raw eggs. For this type of food cooking at home always use pasteurized eggs.
Preparing fruits, vegetables and fresh vegetables

A person with AIDS or affected by HIV can eat fresh fruits and vegetables whenever you wash first. Even washed, raw vegetables can cause a disease, but it reduces the risk. We suggest also peel the fruit that will be eaten raw

How to treat water
Water is one of the main carriers of germs that cause disease in AIDS patients. Therefore it is necessary to follow the following tips:

Do not drink water directly from rivers, lakes or springs
Trying to avoid tap water, even ice cooler. In this regard, it should consult with the Department of Health and local water companies if special warnings for people infected with HIV.
Filtering water
Drink bottled water
Boiling water to kill germs. We suggest let it boil for one minute. Once boiled, pouring it into a bottle with a lid and store in the refrigerator.
Wash water bottles and ice trays with water and soap.
What to take into account a person living with HIV / AIDS when buying food

Read food labels. This way you can check if dairy products are pasteurized, if the food contains meat or eggs or has expired expiration date of food.
Inspect containers. May be broken.
Use separate bags for meats and fish and try not to mix their juices from dripping or these other products.
Upon returning from shopping, keep food cold or frozen in the refrigerator or freezer. Two hours may be enough for germs to grow and reproduce.
Seeking leave food in your car.
What to take into account a person living with HIV / AIDS when eating out

An AIDS patient can eat in restaurants. These are required to comply with and implement a set of rules of cleanliness and basic hygiene set by governments. However, it never hurts to follow a set of principles:

Order food well cooked. If the meat is still pink or fish looks like rubber must be returned to the kitchen and spend more food.
When ordering fried eggs, you should ask to be fried on both sides. For scrambled eggs should be cooked until watery waste.
Do not ever ask for foods containing raw eggs.
No order or seafood or lightly steamed, as oysters, clams, mussels, sushi or sashimi.
How to act in other countries
Generally, whenever you visit a country should take certain precautions, particularly in developing states. Not all nations have strict hygiene measures or government control is not as strict Not all countries have strict food hygiene. In general:

Avoid salads, uncooked fruits and vegetables.
Eating cooked meals when they are still hot.
Boil water before drinking. Take and eat ice beverages made with boiled water
Eating canned beverages or bottled.
Drink tea and steaming hot coffee

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