The hiatus hernia is a stomach illness that affects people who are overweight or obese, although it may be a congenital problem and is very common in people over 50 years.
Food plays an important role in reducing the symptoms of hiatal hernia. In general the diet for people with this condition should be varied, balanced and above all very digestible. Should be avoided or heavy heavy meals in order to reduce or eliminate acidity, heaviness, gases, among others.
Each person must observe the particular case and be alert for foods that you feel good and not. For example, if you feel better to take the raw or cooked foods that take the fruit away from the main meals, etc..
The following are some general guidelines of what should be the diet or feeding people with hiatal hernia. However, your dietitian or nutritionist who must adapt your eating habits and your lifestyle.
• Kitchen with minimal fat as possible, avoiding fried foods and heavy sauces, food too salty or pickled.
• Be careful with food very cold or very hot, it irritates the gastric mucous.
• Divide food into 5 or 6 meals a day, in order not to miss more than three hours without eating or drinking.
• Increase fiber intake with fruits, vegetables and unrefined grains to prevent constipation.
• Dairy products should preferably be skimmed and may try to be in short supply especially in the form of yogurt or kefir, which is more digestible.
• Do not drink carbonated drinks or drink too much fluid with meals, they tend to dissolve the gastric juices and slow digestion.
• Coffee, alcohol and snuff you avoid the most, as they tend to increase acidity. Substitute coffee or tea a mild infusion tract.
• The vegetables should be cooked and in small quantities, preferably cooked with a little fennel or cumin to make them less flatulent. One way to make them more digestible is passing them through a strainer or pre-masher.
• Avoid flatulent vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, cabbage, artichokes, onions, leeks and peppers, among others.
• Avoid spicy. You can use herbs like rosemary, thyme, tarragon, marjoram and sage to flavor food, as well as improving the taste, promote digestion.
• Something essential is good chewing food because saliva contains an enzyme called ptyalin, which is very important for good digestion.
• Some fruits recommended for hiatal hernia are: ripe papaya and pineapple, pears and apples. For their part, oranges, bananas and kiwis tend to cause heartburn.
• Avoid eating solid foods or liquids just before going to bed. Passes at least two hours.
• Finally after eating calmly, take a few moments to relax and continue with your activities.